Premier dr. Cerar: Slovenija z begunci ravna humano; večji nadzor na schengenski meji

Evropska komisija je v večernih urah 5. novembra potrdila podelitev sredstev Sloveniji v višini 10, 17 milijonov evrov za spopadanje z begunsko migrantsko krizo. Več o tem najdete TUKAJ v angleščini. Premier dr. Cerar je na isti dan nagovoril tudi poslanke in poslance v državnem zboru na izredni seji, kjer so obravnavali trenutno situacijo v Slovenijij. Poudaril je, da intenziviranje ukrepov na meji ne pomeni zaprtja meje, pač pa usmerjanje toka beguncev oz. migrantov. Spomnil je tudi na zaveze bruseljskega mini vrha. Po njegovem mnenju je pomembno, da Slovenija zdaj počaka toliko dni, da ugotovi, ali se zaveze lahko v praksi izpolnijo. Da torej vidijo, ali bo morda na grško-turški meji prišlo do zaustavljanja vala beguncev, ali bodo države od Grčije do nas začele bolj učinkovito upočasnjevati val beguncev in jih zadrževati v večjem številu, je pojasnil Cerar.

“Begunska kriza je dosegla takšne razsežnosti, da ji tudi mnogo večje države niso niti približno v celoti kos. To, da Slovenija zmore korektno usmerjati tok migrantov in zanje poskrbeti ter vse obvladovati brez resnih varnostnih incidentov, je uspeh, ki nam ga priznavajo vsi, a ne bomo mogli tako vzdržati v nedogled,” je dejal dr. Cerar. Zatrdil je, da bo vlada nadaljevala s svojimi ukrepi. Iluzorično pa je misliti, kot pravi, da bi z zaprtjem meja zadevo rešili, pač pa morajo sodelovati z EU. “Misliti, da vlada ne dela in je naivna, je neprimerno,” je izpostavil in še dodal, da ni skrbi in da so državljani lahko mirni.

 

Premier je sicer na novinarski konferenci pred dnevi zavrnil nekatere očitke, da se z begunci v Sloveniji ne ravna dovolj humano in solidarno. Že takrat je poudaril, da meje ne bodo zapirali, ampak bodo vzpostavili nadzor tam, “kjer je to nujno potrebno”, da bodo begunce usmerjali na določene vstopne točke. Če se tok migrantov v Evropo ne bo zmanjšal, bo Slovenija okrepila nadzor na schengenski meji, tudi s tehničnimi ovirami, če bo treba tudi z ograjo.

Video posnetek oskrb beguncev oziroma migrantov v nastanitvenem centru Šentilj si lahko ogledate TUKAJ

Meje se občasno zapirajo, nadzoruje se pretok in to včasih zadostuje, da se v Sloveniji nakopiči preveliko število migrantov, tudi prek naših kapacitet, je pojasnil. Poleg tega se je treba po njegovih besedah zavedati, da še posebej sedaj, ko prihaja zima, Slovenija enostavno nima toliko kapacitet, da bi lahko oskrbela zelo veliko število beguncev, četudi so samo v tranzitu.

Na kritike o pomanjkljivi oskrbi beguncev pa je Cerar dejal, da vlada sprejema utemeljene očitke in kritike. Po njegovih besedah je namreč pomembno, da vsako kritično sporočilo preučijo in se odzovejo tam, kjer zadeve niso najbolje urejene. Cerar ne dvomi, da pri tako velikem dotoku ljudi prihaja do posameznih težav, ne pristaja pa na to, da bi te posamične težave posploševali v smislu, da se Slovenija ne trudi, in da tisti, ki sodelujejo pri oskrbi beguncev, v to ne vlagajo maksimalnih naporov.

Po njegovih besedah je treba upoštevati, da mnogi ljudje pridejo k nam že izčrpani, lačni, prezebli. Za mnoge je po njegovih besedah Slovenija zato država, ki jim ponudi zavetišče, streho, nudi hrano, oblačila zdravstveno oskrbo in nego. Posebno so pozorni na ranljive skupine, je izpostavil. Zagotovo se pojavijo tudi problemi, nezadovoljstvo posameznikov, tudi posamezni migranti se med seboj sporečejo, ker prihajajo iz različnih okolij, je našteval.

Poudaril je, da Slovenija kot dvomilijonska država sprejema enako številko ljudi kot države, ki so od naše nekajkrat večje in imajo zato tudi toliko večje zmogljivosti. “Zato je napor, ki ga Slovenija vlaga v pomoč, še posebej spoštovanja vreden in dober zgled za to, kako udejanjamo evropske vrednote, človeške pravice, solidarnost in človeško dostojanstvo,” je prepričan predsednik vlade. Cerar se je tudi ponovno zahvalil vsem, ki “nesebično in profesionalno pomagajo pri soočanju z begunsko krizo”.

Video posnetek s konference si lahko ogledate TUKAJ

ENGLISH

The European Commission last night awarded €10.17 million in emergency funding to Slovenia to help the country to manage the exceptional migratory flows it is currently facing. The funding comes from the Internal Security Fund – Borders and Visa (ISF) and the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) which make available €4.918 million and €5.256 million respectively.
Commissioner Avramopoulos said,”To support Slovenia with the exceptional pressures it faces, I am pleased that we are able to make available more than €10 million to help improve the situation on the ground. This emergency funding will help the Slovenian authorities to better manage the high influx of migrants and better address the needs of new arrivals to the benefit of all countries on the Western Balkans migration route.”

Prime Minister Miro Cerar few days before suggested Slovenia would step up control of its Schengen border, including with fences if necessary, if the refugee flow does not abate. “Slovenia will not close its borders, but we want to successfully control this flow,” he told the press on Tuesday. This would constitute an attempt by Slovenia to “direct the flow with technical obstacles”. “We have to carry out border control, we are the guardians of the Schengen border,” he said.

Cerar suggested Slovenia’s deliberation was motivated by the prospect of Austria and Germany starting to “narrow the reception” of refugees, in which case Slovenia could soon face an “unmanageable number of migrants”. There are as yet no indications Germany or Austria might start closing their borders, but the large numbers of migrants on the Slovenian-Austrian and Austrian-German borders show the transfer of refugees “is no longer simply free”.

Stricter control of the EU’s external borders was one of the commitments made at the recent EU-Balkans summit on migrations, but Cerar noted that it was still not being sufficiently implemented. “The key step to the resolution of this crisis is to set up such control on the Turkish-Greek border” and to engage in a “constructive dialogue with Turkey.” That way the demand for migration would be reduced and refugees could “stay closer to their countries of origin” and eventually return to their homelands, he said.

Another argument in favour of stricter border control is that Slovenia does not have sufficient winter capacity to take care of huge numbers of refugees, even if they are merely transiting the country, he noted. Cerar was also asked to comment on a statement by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who suggested there was a risk of armed conflict in the Balkans due to the ongoing refugee crisis. “I do not know what exactly she meant. I assume she is worried by the escalation of the refugee crisis,” he said.

But he pointed out that “individual conflict situations between these countries” might occur if the refugee crisis is not dealt with appropriately, which is why it is important to address this issue “together, in agreement”. Slovenia has faced some criticism in foreign media lately about its handling of refugees. Cerar said the government was examining “every critical report” and responding if necessary, but he rejected generalised estimates to the effect that Slovenia is not trying hard enough.

There are problems and individuals are dissatisfied, but Slovenia is receiving the same number of migrants as countries many times its size. “The energy that Slovenia is investing in the aid effort is therefore all the more respectable and a good model of how to honour European values, human rights, solidarity and human dignity,” he said.